Chase Private Client | Our Thinking | 2019 Year-End Retirement Action Plan

Our Thinking

2019 Year-End Retirement Action Plan

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The end of the year is a good time to assess your overall financial picture, especially your retirement strategy. As the year comes to a close, use this action plan to help ensure that you make the most of your retirement savings.

FOR ALL TAXPAYERS

1.
Review and Update your Plan

Take the time to set up an appointment with your J.P. Morgan Advisor for an annual review to help evaluate whether you are on track to meet your retirement goals. Our Goals-Based Analysis tool is designed to ensure that we not only hear your concerns and expectations about retirement, but we also encompass them in your financial strategy. If you don’t have one, ask your J.P. Morgan Advisor for a Goals-Based Analysis so you can evaluate your current financial situation and help make sure you are on track to accomplish all your financial goals. The Goals-Based Analysis is a tool that provides an additional resource in the evaluation of the potential risks and returns of investment allocation choices. The projections or other information generated by the Goals-Based Analysis regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes are hypothetical in nature, do not reflect actual investment results and are not guarantees of future results. The results will vary with use and over time. Important: The projections or other information generated by the Goals-Based Analysis regarding the likelihood of various investment outcomes are hypothetical in nature, do not reflect actual investment results and are not guarantees of future results.

“Whether you contribute to an employer plan or not, contributing to an IRA may be another way for you to save for retirement.”

2.
Maximize Retirement Contributions

When it comes to saving for retirement, it’s important to take advantage of all the opportunities that might be available to you. Consider the following:

- Employer Matching Contributions: Don’t lose out on the dollars your employer might add to your 401(k). If your employer matches a portion of your contributions to your 401(k) plan, consider contributing at least enough to capture 100% of your employer’s match. Otherwise you are forgoing additional funds that can help you with your goals.

- IRA Contributions: Whether you contribute to an employer plan or not, contributing to an IRA may be another way for you to save for retirement. For contributions made to a Traditional IRA, the amount you can deduct may be limited if you or your spouse are covered by a retirement plan at work and your income exceeds certain levels.

- Catch-Up Contributions: Once you reach age 50, you may be able to contribute more to your 401(k) and IRA. These “catch-up” contributions can help if you started saving later in life or are falling short of your retirement goals.

- Prepare to Reset Your Contributions: Maximum 401(k) and IRA contribution limits are occasionally increased by the IRS to account for cost-of-living adjustments. Make sure you stay abreast of these changes so you can adjust your contributions to maximize your tax-deferred savings.

- Consider Other Tax-Deferred or Taxable Savings Options: Talk to your J.P. Morgan Advisor about other tax-deferred or taxable solutions that might be available.

3.
Consider a Roth

As you save for retirement, remember that upon distribution, not all dollars will be considered equal. We often concentrate on the amount of dollars contributed to our retirement accounts and may lose sight of the “type” of dollars contributed. To the everyday investor earning an income, pre-tax/deductible saving options and/ or after-tax saving options may be available for their IRA or employer-sponsored retirement plan (e.g., 401(k), 403(b), etc.) contributions. More employers are offering the Roth saving option in the retirement plan they make available for employees, giving workers the choice to diversify the tax treatment of their retirement dollars. Year-end planning offers you the opportunity to review the tax buckets to which you have been allocating your retirement dollars and what diversification opportunities may be available to you.

“Consolidation can also be helpful when you are reviewing your overall asset allocation and portfolio risk.”

4.
Think About Consolidating

If you have multiple IRAs at various financial institutions, consolidating them into one IRA may help you organize your assets. Consolidation can also be helpful when you are reviewing your overall asset allocation and portfolio risk. Generally, there are two methods available to you when you are thinking about consolidation—a trustee-to-trustee transfer or a rollover. The IRS allows you to make only one IRA-to-IRA rollover per 12-month period. This limit applies no matter how many IRAs you own or where you hold them. You can still complete an unlimited number of trustee-to-trustee transfers. Your J.P. Morgan Advisor and a tax professional should assist you in determining whether consolidation makes sense given your specific circumstances and goals. If consolidation does make sense, they can guide you as to the best way to accomplish this.

Transfer versus Rollover

A trustee-to-trustee transfer is the more common method of moving IRA assets from one IRA to another. With a transfer, you will complete transfer paperwork at the receiving firm and the assets are moved from firm to firm without your taking receipt of the assets. You can complete an unlimited number of trustee-to-trustee transfers each year.

An IRA-to-IRA rollover occurs when you take receipt of your IRA assets for up to 60 days before they must be redeposited into the same IRA or another IRA. If redeposited within 60 days, the distribution of assets will not be taxable or subject to penalty, as long as you haven’t completed another IRA-to-IRA rollover in the past 12 months. You are required to roll over the same property that was distributed. For example, if you removed shares, you would have to roll over the same shares. If the shares were sold during the 60 days, the cash equivalent is not eligible to be rolled over. You can only complete one IRA-to-IRA rollover per 12-month period.

You can move assets from an employer-sponsored retirement plan to an IRA via a direct1 or indirect rollover.2 You can complete an unlimited number of these types of rollovers each year.

“Reviewing your asset allocation strategy…is an important step to ensure the allocation and risk level are aligned with your financial goals.

5.
Reevaluate Retirement Asset Allocation

Reviewing your asset allocation strategy for your retirement investments—including those held in your IRA and 401(k)—is an important step to ensure the allocation and risk level are aligned with your financial goals. Talk to your J.P. Morgan Advisor about reviewing your asset allocation to see if you need to rebalance your retirement portfolio.3

“Take time now to review your beneficiary designations are still consistent with your wishes.”

6.
Review Your Beneficiaries

Are the beneficiaries named on your IRA, 401(k), life insurance policies and other accounts up to date? Take time now to review your beneficiary designations to ensure that they are still consistent with your wishes. This step is especially important if you’ve experienced a “life event” (such as marriage, divorce, the birth of a child or grandchild or the death of a spouse). Be sure to speak with your tax and legal advisors before making any beneficiary changes. Remember, the assets in these accounts go to the person(s) or entity(ies) you have designated as your beneficiary(ies) in your account forms (or to the “default” beneficiary(ies) specified in your account agreements, if you have no living designated beneficiary(ies) at the time of your death), regardless of how you may dispose of your assets under your will. Your financial institution will need to honor the latest designation on file from you.

FOR TAXPAYERS AGE 70½ OR OLDER

Once you turn 70½, there are retirement planning steps and strategies that you should consider:

1.
Take Required Minimum Distributions

If you have a Traditional IRA and/or employer-sponsored retirement plan,4 you must begin to take your Required Minimum Distributions (RMD) on an annual basis once you turn 70½. You can defer receipt of your first RMD until April 1 of the year following the year in which you attain age 70½. If you do this, you have to take two distributions that year—one for the prior year and one for the current year. If you have multiple Traditional IRAs, you can satisfy your RMD from any one or more of the IRAs. Because the penalties for not taking RMDs are steep (50% of the distribution not taken in a given year), you may want to talk with your Advisor about automating your RMDs. If you don’t need the RMD for day-to-day living expenses, consider saving and reinvesting the RMD each year for future expenses or other financial goals. Before requesting an additional RMD, please remember to speak with your J.P. Morgan Advisor about any system-generated RMD you may already have set up so that you don’t duplicate your RMD.

Beat the Rush. For any distributions either required or desired to be taken by December 31, don’t delay until the last minute and risk your distribution not being processed on time.

“Taxpayers older than 70½ are permitted to take tax-free distributions from their IRAs for charitable purposes.”

2.
Consider Qualified Charitable Distributions

Taxpayers older than 70½ are permitted to take tax-free distributions from their IRAs for charitable purposes. This provision is commonly referred to as a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD) and it allows you to direct a specified amount of your RMD to public charities. The distribution will not be included in your adjusted gross income, but it will count toward satisfying your RMD requirement. To qualify as a QCD for 2019, the funds will have to be made payable to the charity(ies) and distributed by December 31 and may not exceed $100,000. These distributions will be reported on Form 1099-R as “normal” distributions. You should work with your tax advisor regarding how to report any distribution paid to a charity on your tax return.

3.
Contribute to a Roth

If you are still working, have earned income, and want to continue to accumulate additional assets for your retirement, you may be able to contribute to a Roth IRA if your adjusted gross income is within the IRS limits. Roth IRA contributions are not tax-deductible, but qualified distributions will be tax-free upon meeting the criteria. Unlike a traditional IRA, you do not have to take RMDs from a Roth IRA. Talk to your J.P. Morgan Advisor if you are interested in establishing and contributing to a Roth IRA.

FOR THOSE WHO INHERIT RETIREMENT ASSETS

If you are the named beneficiary of another person’s IRA, there are important rules you need to know about:

1.
RMDs

- If you are a non-spouse beneficiary of an inherited Traditional or Roth IRA, you will have to take distributions (RMDs) from the IRA. In many cases, you may have the option of taking annual distributions over your life expectancy, which leaves funds in the IRA for as long as possible. To take advantage of this option (where available), you must take your first distribution by December 31 of the year following the year in which the original owner’s death occurred.

- If you are a spouse beneficiary, you have an additional option available—you can roll over the IRA into your own name and treat it as your own. This may be a good option if you don’t have an immediate need for your spouse’s IRA assets and you want them to continue to grow on a tax-deferred basis. If you are under age 59½ and need access to your spouse’s IRA assets, you may consider transferring the assets to an inherited IRA instead of an IRA in your own name to avoid the 10% premature distribution penalty that is generally applied when someone takes IRA distributions before age 59½.

- The inherited IRA RMD rules are extremely complicated and depend on the facts of your particular situation. Whether you are a spouse or a non-spouse beneficiary of an inherited Traditional or Roth IRA, be sure to speak with a tax advisor before taking action.

2.
Disclaim an IRA Inheritance

If you are an IRA beneficiary and do not want to accept all or part of the IRA assets you may be entitled to, you can “disclaim” the assets and they will pass to other eligible beneficiaries. The beneficiary disclaiming the assets cannot direct who should receive those assets (i.e., you cannot direct the disposition of the assets you disclaim). A decision to make a qualified disclaimer must typically be made within nine months of the original IRA owner’s death and before you receive any of the assets. This is an irrevocable decision and you should consult with a tax advisor or attorney before disclaiming IRA assets.

WHAT'S NEXT

It’s always a good idea to check in with your J.P. Morgan Advisor regularly concerning your retirement strategy. Whether you are planning to retire in the near future or not for many years, your J.P. Morgan Advisor can answer questions you may have regarding saving and investing or receiving distributions.

Investing involves market risk, including possible loss of principal, and there is no guarantee that investment objectives will be achieved. Asset allocation/diversification does not guarantee a profit or protect against a loss.

Not all investment ideas referenced are suitable for all investors. Investing involves market risk, including the possible loss of principal. There is no guarantee that investment objectives will be reached. Diversification does not guarantee a profit or protect against a loss.

Opinions and estimates offered constitute our judgment as of the date of this material and are subject to change without notice, as are statements of financial market trends, which are based on current market conditions. We believe the information provided here is reliable, but do not warrant its accuracy or completeness. This material is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. The views and strategies described herein may not be suitable for all investors. This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied on for, accounting, legal or tax advice. References to future returns are not promises or even estimates of actual returns a client portfolio may achieve. Any forecasts contained herein are for illustrative purposes only and are not to be relied upon as advice or interpreted as a recommendation.

Investment products and services are offered through J.P. Morgan Securities LLC (JPMS), a registered broker-dealer and investment advisor, member of FINRA and SIPC. Annuities are made available through Chase Insurance Agency, Inc. (CIA), a licensed insurance agency, doing business as Chase Insurance Agency Services, Inc. in Florida. JPMS, CIA and J.P. Morgan Chase Bank, N.A. are affiliated companies under the common control of JPMorgan Chase & Co. Products not available in all states.

© 2019 JPMorgan Chase & Co.

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